Posted on Jun 12, 2018
Organizations conduct due diligence into the third-party's ecosystem and security, but to truly protect themselves, they must audit and continuously monitor their vendors. Not only do organizations audit their vendors, but standards and regulations often require audits of the company's vendor management program. Organizations need efficient vendor risk management audit processes that allow for smooth audits of their vendor management program.
Internal audit managers know that successful audits begin by establishing an audit trail. The operating model, or living documents that guide the process, includes vendor categorization and concentration based on a risk assessment that uses an approved methodology. Next, organizations must supply vendor report reviews proving ongoing governance throughout the vendor lifecycle.
Traditionally, vendor lifecycle management incorporates five primary categories: qualifying, engagement, managing delivery, managing finances, and relationship termination. However, as data breach risk increases, companies need to include reviewing information security as a sixth category in the life cycle. Due diligence during the qualification step incorporates information security management. However, threats evolve continuously meaning that organizations need to review information security over the entire lifecycle, not just at a single point.
Before documenting activities, companies need to plan their supplier relationship management process from start to finish. As regards the audit, companies need to ensure that their supplier relationship management policies, procedures, and processes address each step in the life cycle.
__ Process for obtaining and determining insurance, bonding, and business license documentation
__ Benchmarks for reviewing financial records and analyzing financial stability
__ Review process for staff training and licensing
__ Benchmarks for evaluating IT assets
__ Contracts include a statement of work, delivery date, payment schedule, and information security requirements
__ Baseline identity access management within the vendor organization
__ Baseline privileged access management for the vendor
__ Scheduling deliverables
__ Scheduling receivables.
__ Organization defines stakeholders responsible for working with the vendor
__ Establishing physical access requirements
__ Defining system access requirements
__ Establish invoice schedule
__ Establish payment mechanism
__ Revoking physical access
__ Revoking system access
__ Definitions of causes for contract/relationship termination
Before reviewing third-party vendors or establishing an operating model, companies need to create a risk assessment framework and methodology for categorizing their business partners. This process includes aligning business objectives with vendor services and articulating the underlying logic to senior management and the Board of Directors.
When auditors review risk assessments, they need documentation proving the evaluative process as well as Board oversight. For example, organizations choosing a software vendor for their quality management system need to establish risk tolerances. As part of the risk assessment methodology, the auditor will review the vendor categorization and concentration.
__ Vendors are categorized by service type
__ Access needed to internal data
__ Nature of data categorized by risk (client confidential, private data, corporate financial, identifiers, passwords)
__ Data and information security expectations
__ Financial solvency baselines
__ Contract size
__ Beneficial owners of third-party's business
__ Location of headquarters
__ IT Security Ratings
The term "operating model" primary means policies, procedures, and processes that guide vendor management. These documents act as the skeleton for any third-party management program as well as the audit.
__ Does the organization risk rate its vendors?
__ Does the risk assessment discuss the methodology (qualitative/quantitative/combination)
__ Are the vendors categorized by risk?
__ Does it include human resources security?
__ Does it discuss physical and environmental security?
__ Does it establish baseline requirements for network and system security?
__ Does it establish baseline requirements for data security?
__ Does it establish baselines requirements for access control?
__ Does it establish baseline requirements for IT acquisition and maintenance?
__ Does it require vendors to document their vendor management program?
__ Does it define the vendor's incident response management responsibilities?
__ Does it define the vendor's business continuity and disaster recovery responsibilities?
__ Does it outline the vendor compliance requirements?
__ Is there a workflow for engaging in vendor management review?
__ Does the organization designate a stakeholder to track vendors, relationships, subsidiaries, documents, and contacts?
__ Does the organization designate a stakeholder responsible for vendor due diligence?
__ Does the organization designate a stakeholder who delivers and collects surveys and risk assessments?
__ Does the organization designate a stakeholder to manage contract review and renewal?
__ Does the organization outline a process for coordinating with legal, procurement, compliance, and other departments when hiring and managing a vendor?
__ Does the organization outline metrics and reports needed to review vendors?
Vendor report reviews are one part of ongoing vendor management governance. Proving continuous monitoring includes reviewing reports and questionnaires attesting to security.
__ Audit Reports (SOC audits, ISO audits)
__ Security questionnaires
__ Financial reports
__ Financial controls documentation
__ Operational controls documentation
__ Compliance controls documentation
__ Data breach reports
__ Access control management documentation
__ Control change management documentation
Creating an audit trail requires extensive documentation. As vendors become more integral to business operations, companies need to focus on building streamlined documentation processes that enable efficient governance.
In today's world, information security impacts several areas of vendor management for which audits require documentation. Poor information security programs leave vendors at risk for data breaches that impact their financial security, an integral part of risk evaluation and qualification. A vendor's authorization management also affects upstream clients because it places them at risk for internal actors to inappropriately access systems and databases. Vendors must monitor their downstream suppliers, but supply chain risks arise when upstream companies trust without verifying.
Organizations can use SecurityScorecard's platform to create an audit trail for their vendor management program in several ways.
First, as part of the risk assessment analysis, companies can use quantitative benchmarks for reviewing vendors. Companies can document a vendor's security rating, relate it to their risk tolerance, and use it as a qualitative metric that links to both data controls and financial stability. Additionally, the easy-to-digest grades of A through F ease the pain of explaining risks to the Board and ensure proper oversight documentation.
Second, SecurityScorecard's SaaS platform allows multiple stakeholders to access the same information. For example, the payroll department focuses on a vendor meeting PCI compliance requirements while the legal department focuses on Sarbanes-Oxley compliance. A shared vocabulary across the enterprise eases the burden of documenting stakeholder responsibilities across the enterprise.
Third, SecurityScorecard identifies leaked credentials and factors related to social engineering that provide insight into the effectiveness of a vendor's employee security awareness training. Training documentation shows that the vendor provided education, SecurityScorecard provides insight into how well the employees apply the information.
Fourth, with SecurityScorecard, companies can define cohorts that allow them to group vendors and track security rating changes within the groups. This functionality provides documentation supporting the categorization and classification of vendors when an auditor reviews a risk assessment methodology.
Fifth, security ratings allow companies to verify reports and questionnaires that vendors provide. For example, a SaaS vendor can submit a SOC 2 report attesting to the effectiveness of their controls at the time of the report. However, threats evolve, and controls fail. SecurityScorecard's ratings incorporate network security, DNS health, patching cadence, endpoint security, IP reputation, and web application security. Since our threat reconnaissance capabilities continuously monitor the IT ecosystem, we update our security ratings regularly. Tracking vendors in the platform, therefore, allows organizations to verify the trust they place in their vendors.
Companies know how to manage their vendor risks. Documenting the supply management process can be more difficult. With SecurityScorecard, organizations can streamline both processes by documenting as they manage.
With hackers finding new ways to attack third-parties in hopes of infecting a larger organization, the third-party ecosystem is more fragile than ever before.
The purpose of IT security risk assessment is to determine security risks to your company’s critical assets, and how much funding and effort should be used in their protection. Get started with SecurityScorecard’s step-by-step guide to managing your cyber risk.
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